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Sri Lanka Facts

Official name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Government type republic
Location Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator
Dimensions 430km north to south, 225km east to west
Coastline 1,340km
Area 65,525km
Currency (code) Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
Independence 4 February 1948
Administrative capital Sri Jayewardenepura
Commercial capital Colombo
Administrative divisions 9 provinces; Central, North Central, Northern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva, Western, Eastern Province
Climate  Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west
Terrain  Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Highest mountain:  Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
 Highest waterfall:  Bambarakanda, 263m
 National Flower  The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata)
 National parks and nature reserves area  8,000sq.km
 Population  21,128,773 (? Census)
 Population growth rate  1.3%
 Population Density  309 people per sq km
 Life Expectancy at Birth  74 female, 64 male
 Literacy rate  Female 87.9 Male 92.5
 Ethnic groups  Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
 Languages:  Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%

English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population

 Religion  Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
 Time zone  Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
 International dialing  +94
 Electricity  230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer
 Economy  Sri Lanka.s most dynamic sectors are food processing, textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction, telecommunications, and insurance and banking. In 2006, plantation crops made up only 15% of exports (90% in 1970), while textiles and garments accounted for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans work abroad, 90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more than US$1 billion a year.
 Labour force  34.3% of the labour population is employed in agriculture, 25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.) The unemployment rate is 5.7% (2007 est.)
 Agriculture & products  Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, tea, rubber, coconutsm milk, eggs, hides, beef, fish
 Industries  Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining.
 Exports  Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish
 Imports  Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportation equipment: $10.61 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.). Percentage of main commodities from main import partners: India 19.6%, China 10.5%, Singapore 8.8%, Iran 5.7%, Malaysia 5.1%, Hong Kong 4.2%, Japan 4.1% (2006)
 Gross Domestic Product (GDP)  Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.). Official exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.) Real growth rate: 6.3% (2007 est.) Per capita: $4,100 (2007 est.) composition by sector: Agriculture: 16.5% Industry: 26.9%

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